I know what is in your mind. You’ve seen many articles like this one before, and they were not easy at all. They don’t tell you how to change the settings that need to be changed.
This article is not the same. I tried out some of the tips in those articles and had some serious problems by implementing them. So I figure out the problems and explain them to you in this article.
You don’t have to know a lot about the network to understand this article. This article shows you how to get all of your Wi-Fi speed. And show you how to do it step by step. I used these steps and improve the speed of my home Wi-Fi network by 25%.
This article is about how to run a network more efficiently. If you haven’t set your network up yet, visit our guides for information on how to set it up.
Step 1- Understand your network.
You can get anxious if you change a system that you don’t understand it. When I learn how to do this I was afraid that I might break something or ruin it. One thing that helped me to keep track of which part of the system I was tweaking was imagining a water flow analogy, and I did that I was more confident.
How to understand your Wi-Fi
You have to think of it like a water supply system in a town: the main water source is the ISP (internet service provider). The water plant which keeps track of everything going in or out is the modem. The filtration system of water is security protocols that keep elements from passing through that are harmful. The distribution center is the router here which direct anything to the different locations that it must go. Finally, the houses and other facilities that receive water are individual devices that connect to your network.
Your home Network is like a Small-Town water system
• Internet service provider = water source
• Modem = water plant
• Security = filtration system
• Router = distribution center
• Devices (laptop, tablet, phone, etc.) = Buildings in the Town Receiving water
When you use your Wi-Fi for accessing the internet, you’re essentially connecting to two networks- home network and the internet. These two have different types and different speed limitations.
What is your home network?
Your home network is a Local Area Network(LAN). Without going onto the internet you can access this network. For sharing files on the network and in-home LAN gaming this network could be useful. This type of network can be as fast as the router and the devices connected to it can operate and as long as you aren’t connected to the internet, your home network is controlled by your router.
What is the internet
Thousands of other networks with specific access points gathered together and form the internet. That access point is a server that is operated by your ISP, that you access through your modem. One thing that limited your internet speed is how quickly information passes through this access point. It can be affected by your modem’s capabilities and by your Internet Service Provider or plan.
Possible Issues with your Wi-Fi
When you access the internet in your home by a wireless device, firstly it will connect to your home Wi-Fi network through your router, after that through your modem and ISP it will connect to the internet outside your home. You can see that three main places can cause speed issues in your Wi-Fi network or internet connection: your ISP, your modem, or your router. We will address each of these in this article.
Step 2 – know how much speed to expect
Your internet speed is like the volume of water in the water supply analogy. So, the speed of your Wi-Fi network will be limited by the internet speed that you get from your ISP, as the water supply in a town will be limited by the amount of water that can get from the source. Before you decide that you are deceived and that your speed is not what you are paying for, you’ll need to find out what you expect based on your ordered plan.
What is your internet speed and how to know how much speed do you have?
you subscribed to a package with a given number of megabits per second(Mbps), When you get internet service. This number is your speed limit of the network.
Remember you can get the full speed of it, but you can’t get faster Wi-Fi than what your ISP delivers.
If you’re not sure that how much speed you signed up for, contact your ISP and ask. And you may also find it in the original paperwork you signed or by accessing your account online.
Step 3- Discover how much speed you’re getting
I. Turn off your device’s Wi-Fi
We want to eliminate interference during the speed test and turning off your Wi-Fi will do it for us. we have to know it’s real speed before we can improve the speed of your Wi-Fi network, so this is important to us. you have to eliminate all other potential interference on your computer to get the most accurate results, including your Wi-Fi, to be sure of the purity of the test in your house.
Click on the Start menu, click Settings, then Network & Internet, then Wi-Fi, and switch the toggle to “off.”
(For Mac users, the path is Apple menu→ System Preferences→ Network.)
II. Connect your computer to your modem through an Ethernet cable
The Internet Service Provider usually gives you the modem upon installation of your internet service which is a piece of equipment. It is the box that is plugged into your wall, sometimes it contains a router, too.
An Ethernet cable is like a phone cable, which has a bigger connection on each end. Usually, your modem has an extra one.
III. Run a speed test
Once that you did everything above and connect your computer to network directly by cable, click the below button for a speed test. Then click on Start Test in the new tab. It may take a few seconds.
You will see two numbers at the end of the test: download speed and upload speed. In this article, we’re focusing on the download speed, but suggestions in here will improve both speeds. Here is an image which is an example of what a speed test/results will look like.
Since the internet speeds fluctuate slightly during the time, please run the test two or three times until you get a few similar results. This will give you the approximate speed you get from your ISP, although the scores won’t match exactly.
IV. Write down that speed score.
Keep the results on hand because we will refer to it throughout the next steps.
Step 4 – Diagnose your modem.
If the result of the Speed Test in Stage 3 is similarly expected as your speed based on your subscription, your speed will most likely not be damaged by your modem.
If your Speed Test is considerably slower than what you pay for with your subscription, your ISP is under delivering, or your modem will cause problems.
For this article, assume your ISP is working as promised. If you follow all of our recommended steps and still have not received your expected speed, contact your ISP to find out if you can increase your speed at the end.
Step 5 – Clear the pipes
If the speed test from step 3 indicates that your modem is your low-speed source, you may only need to reset it. In the water analogy, this can be like cleaning up any obstruction of the main line.
Some modems have a reset button. press and hold it until the light on the modem is off, and then release it, if your modem does. The modem should reset itself. If your modem does not have a reset button, simply remove the power cord, wait 10 seconds, then reconnect it. It should do the same.
After resetting your modem, check your speed again.
You are on the right track if your speed is higher than before. If the reboot didn’t solve it, do not worry because we need to try more. In any case, the next step is to schedule periodic automatic restarts on your modem. Think of it as hiring a cleaning crew to enter and clean the pipes so that keep the flow steady.
To schedule reboots and change other settings in later steps, you must log in to your modem.
Step 6 – Log in to your modem.
Logging in to your modem is different from entering your network. Logging in to your network allows you to access the Internet and get online. Logging into your modem allows you to modify your modem settings. Think of logging in to your modem as to visit the water plant for inspection.
Use the following steps to log in to your modem
I Find your modem’s IP address
The IP address is the address of the Internet Protocol. Your modem’s location on the Internet will display by its IP address. This is a number that looks something like 10.0.0.1, 22.214.171.124 or 192.168.0.1.
This address can be found in several ways. Most of them are printed materials that come with your modem and it may be on a label at the bottom of your modem. You can also find it in the View Properties by going to your network settings. If you are directly connected to your modem and not your router, the modem’s IP address is listed as “gateway.”
II Access modem’s firmware
Firmware is the software that operates your hardware.
With your computer connected to your modem through Ethernet cable and your Wi-Fi off, open a browser tab, and enter your modem’s IP address. This should be the login page of your modem. If that does not work, do a Google search for “Setting up the settings on a [your model] modem ” for more help.
III Sign in.
It will ask for a username and password, once you access your modem. Like the modem’s IP address, you can find the username and password of your modem in its original documentation, at the bottom of the modem, or by looking up your model number online. In general, the username is usually like “admin” and the password will vary from one model to another.
Some modems have a quick timeout which will log you out automatically after a specific time. If something like this happened to you don’t worry, you can just log back in without a problem.
Step 7 — Dial in your modem settings.
Think about modifying your modem settings like changing the filters and adjusting the valves in the water plant. Once you logged in, you will see all sorts of abbreviations, numbers and codes most likely you do not understand. It can be intimidating. You probably only change a few tweaks, but first, you have to be sure that you can go back and enrolled in the current settings if something randomly changes that should not be done. Therefore, open a Word document and copy and paste all the original settings into the document. I recommend this for every tab of the settings.
Now you have a base setting if somethings go wrong, so follow the next steps to get maximum speed available. Each brand of modem has a different design, so we cannot show you exactly where are the fields you need to change. You should look for them, but do not worry. You can always go back to the default settings.
I Update your firmware.
Most devices will let you know if updates for the operating system are available, but it may be necessary to search for firmware updates with some brands. You should see something that says “Updates available on the firmware,” “Check for updates,” or simply “firmware.” If you find any updates to the operating system software, download them. The modem will probably be restarted for installation. If this happens, just log in again as before.
If your modem allows you to automatically update your operating system, we recommend that you do so.
II Schedule a restart
You may have to look at different menus to find the location for the auto-restarting schedule for your modem. Look at tabs such as “Maintenance,” “Management,” or “Advanced Settings.” It may take a few minutes, but be sure to carefully read through each tab’s options.
When you find an option to plan to reboot, choose when your family members probably do not use the Internet. Sometimes in the morning works for most people. When you set the time, you may have to click the “Apply” button.
III Increase your transmission speed and power
Power saver and data saver option
Check if the power saver or data saver option is active in your modem. The modem performance could be affected by this. It would be like close its valves, as in water analogy. If you need more speed, let’s open that full blast.
Check for your transfer settings under the “Settings” tab. If it is set to whatever less than 100%, it will probably improve its performance by changing it to 100%. This will still be possible even if it is set to Auto, as automatic adjustment may increase your returns to save your data.
Also, make sure your modem is not running in economy mode or eco mode. This setting may be marked under a tab labeled “power settings” or “Transmission power”.
Warning: In most cases, when a modem is set to less than 100%, data usage is slowed down to reduce data limits in your Internet application. So, if you’ve made a data cap on your Internet service, you’ll find that if you increase it up to 100%, you can reach that cap faster.
If you followed these steps and your speed is still now what you expect from the ISP, your modem may need an upgrade. If you received your modem from your ISP, you may be able to replace it. If, after all, your modem will not be deliver your speed from your ISP, you may want to change the service provider. To view the Internet Service Providers in your area, enter your zip code in the box below.
Step 8—Dial in your router settings.
Hopefully, you now have your modem trying to provide the speed that you subscribe to. Let your router do the same. Fortunately, the steps are pretty much the same.
Your router is the gateway to your Wi-Fi network. It is a box made of plastic or metal that usually has at least one antenna. When your modem has a Wi-Fi logo on it, it means it has a router inside itself.
I. Diagnose your router.
Disconnect your computer from your modem.
If your modem and router are separate parts of the equipment, connect your router through an Ethernet cable to your modem. If they are in the same piece of equipment, they are now connected.
Connect to your wireless network and stay in the same room as your router.
Run a speed test as described above.
If your speed continues to be as high as it should, your router will not slow down your internet connection, although it may be losing signal strength from a distance. (We will answer it in step 10)
If you are facing a speed reduction from a wired connection to a wireless connection, your router is probably the source of the problem.
II. Set your router’s settings like your modem settings.
If you use the instructions above and your router and modem are a single unit, you have already configured your router settings as the setting of the modem and the router are the same. good job!
If your router and modem are separate units, connect to your wireless network and repeat steps 5 through 7 for your router. Because you are currently wirelessly connected, your “gateway” will be your router’s IP address instead of your modem.
Step 9 – Adjust additional router settings.
In addition to the settings from the previous sections, you should also change some other settings on your router. Like other settings, when you log in to your router, you can change these items.
I. Change your password.
You must change your default password for both your router and your Wi-Fi network. Otherwise, hackers can use these passwords for their using your Internet bandwidth and/or change their connection settings to create more problems.
After that your router’s password has changed, you must change the connection settings on all your devices that are connected to your network to use the new password.
Set up your router channel.
Change your channel to 1, 6, or 11, If you have a 2.4 GHz router because they usually less interfere with other wireless frequencies than other channels.
You can test your speed on each channel and choose the best thing for you.
If you have a 5 GHz router, be sure that it is set to automatically select the channel. The extra capacity of a 5 GHz router allows it to access many more channels and usually finds the best one with very little interference.
You can find your router’s GHz capacity on your router, in your original documents or online.
Step 10 – Find the best place for your router.
Now that your network is safe and working on the right channels, you should find the best place for your router. according to our water analogy, finding a good place for the modem is like choosing where to put the distribution center to provide water to the whole city effectively and efficiently.
Ideally, the more you put your modem close to your home center the better. However, if your signal reaches all the places you need, you can easily put it anywhere. The following steps will help you decide whether you need to move your router.
I. Test your range and speed.
Connect your router to your modem, then pick up your laptop or tablet and go to the room which is a farthest away router, but you still want to connect to a Wi-Fi network. Test the speed there.
Note: When specifying the farthest room in the house from the router, remember that most routers send Wi-Fi signals in all directions. Therefore, when going to a floor down the room may be the longest, if it is directly under the room with the router, it may not be farther away. Also, some walls can decrease signal strength, but we will respond later.
II. Diagnose your router
If the speed test from the farthest room is similar to the results of the previous wireless test, your router’s signal is fine.
If you cannot connect to the network from the farthest room or if the speed test from that room is significantly lower than the previous test results, or your router will not send a strong Wi-Fi signal instead of your network or you must move it and/or redirect your signal.
Boost your signals
You can also purchase an antenna upgrade that will increase your signal or change the direction of the signal from the router. You can even find Wi-Fi amplifiers that are connected to the wall. Keep in mind that each of these boosters can lag their Wi-Fi signal strength, but does not increase their Internet speed beyond what is provided directly from the Internet service provider.
If your router is cheap or old, you may want to consider upgrading.